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Inequality in Scotland

Inequalities  in  Scotland

The following were identified as significant :

Opportunities and resources

• Poverty/low income: poverty, low income and economic inactivity have
different effects on different people. There is recognition of both relative
poverty (that is, the gap between the rich and poor) and absolute poverty
(for example, having an income that is below a certain fixed amount).
• Access to services: this includes a wide range of services such as housing,
leisure, transport, justice and healthcare; equal access to advice and
guidance; and voice and dignity when using services.
• Employment: the key issues are access to and progression within the labour
market, equal pay and tackling discrimination in the workplace.
• Education: key issues here are bullying and harassment in schools,
segregation resulting from dividing children into mainstream/special
and state/private schools and inequality of educational attainment.
• Health: the key issues are inequality in access to health advice and
guidance, and inequality of health outcomes.

Attitudes and awareness

• Discrimination, social exclusion and lack of participation: the key issues
include limited opportunities for participation in society (including digital
exclusion) and in community groups, the impact of negative attitudes, and a
lack of awareness of the needs and abilities of specific groups.
• Targeted violence and safety (physical security): the key issues include
domestic abuse, targeted violence and other violations of physical security.
Also included here are concerns with public violence and domestic abuse
associated with sectarian football matches. Targeted victimisation and
harassment based on visible or perceived difference also affect safety and
freedom of expression.

Equality and Human Rights Commission;   Research report 61  2010